CLINICO EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HANSENS DISEASE (LEPROSY) IN PATIENTS ATTENDING GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL, KADAPA.

Dr. Nare Lakshmi Sirisha, Dr. Sowjanya Sangem, Dr A Suresh Kumar, Dr Nimmala Pavani, Dr Sandesh Kumar C

Abstract


Background: Leprosy (also known as Hansen's disease) is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium
Leprae(M.leprae). Incubation period varies from few months to several years (3 months to 10 years). Mode of
transmission is via droplets. The disease mainly affects the skin, peripheral nerves, mucosa of upper respiratory tract.
Aims and Objectives: To study clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the leprosy patients attending Government General Hospital,
Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Materials and Methods: This is a hospital based prospective study carried out over a period of 1 year, from May 2018 to April 2019. consecutive 167
leprosy patients attended the outpatient department of DVL, Government General Hospital, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India were enrolled in this
study. The study population was divided into 7 groups. This include age group of less than 10 years:11 to 20 years;21 to 30 years:31 to 40 years:41 to 50
years;51 to 60 years; more than 60 years. Data was analyzed to study clinical and epidemiological characteristics of leprosy disease.
Results: There were 106 males and 61 females in a total of 167 study population. A total of 46(27.55%) were aged between 31 to 40 years. Among
167 patients ,145(86.82%) patients has multibacillary form of leprosy. Pure neuritic leprosy was seen 7(4.19%) patients; histoid leprosy seen in
4(2.39%) patients.
Conclusion: Leprosy may be down but is not yet out. Continuous efforts are required to prevent this disease from making a resurgence.


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References


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