Dr. K. Rukmani, Dr. M. Banumathi


This paper have been discussed on Empowerment of Women in India covering variety of problems and issues, micro,
macro and regional levels, and almost all general aspects of related to women empowerment have been studies by social
sciences. Micro-nance has emerged as a powerful tool for women empowerment in the new economy. In India, micronance distribution is
mainly dominated by Self Help Groups (SHGs). It aims at providing a cost effective mechanism for providing nancial services to the poor
section of the society. As apparent from the preceding detailed discussion on the existing literature on the empowerment of women at different
levels in India, attempts made so far suffer discerningly although with the following signicant limitations: (i) All the studies reveals a
predominant bias of being macro level studies. Such studies by their very nature do not touch the core of reality, since it is not possible to know
from the inner base of the mountain, the problem. The correct approach necessary is to dissect the problem into small pieces and then make an
intensive effort to assess the reality; (ii) in the present development context in India; rapid changes are taking place on the economic scene, which
bring in their trail, far reaching changes in the social, cultural, and political aspects of life. Therefore, even though a number of micro-studies
existing, initiating of a new study in this area would have undiluted importance as such an attempt is bound to throw up several new facts in any
empirical exercise having a bearing on policy issues. Thus, on its own, the necessity of a new micro study remains evergreen.

Full Text:



Suguna, M., (2011). Education and Women Empowerment in India. ZENITH: International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 1(8), 19-21.

Duflo E. (2011) Women’s Empowerment and Economic Development, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge. India: Women’s Empowerment - IFAD / OE, 2000. The Republic of India; Tamil Nadu Women’s Development Project : Completion Evaluation, Report 340 – IN Rome, April. [3].

Baruah B. (2013) Role of Electronic Media in Empowering Women.

Elahi KQI (2003) Microfinance, Empowerment, and Sudra Women in India. Development in Practice 13: 570-572.

Kabeer N (1999) Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women’s Empowerment. Development and Change 30: 435-464.

Banu D, Farashuddin F, Hossain A, Akter S (2001) Empowering Women in Rural Bangladesh: Impact of Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee’s (BRAC’s) Programme. Journal of international women’s studies2: 30-53.

Otero M (1999) Bringing Development Back into Microfinance. Journal of Microfinance 1: 8-19.

Schreiner M, Colombet HH (2001) From Urban to Rural: Lessons for Microfinance from Argentina. Development Policy Review 19: 339-354.

Ledgerwood J (1999) Sustainable Banking with the Poor. The World Bank, Microfinance Handbook: an Institutional and Financial Perspective.

Robinson M (2002) The Microfinance Revolution: Volume 2. Lessons from Indonesia. World Bank Group: Open Knowledge Repository.

Goetz AM, Gupta RS (1996) Who takes the credit? Gender, power, and control over loan use in rural credit programs in Bangladesh. World development 24: 45-63.

Hashemi SM, Schuler SR and Riley AP (1996) Rural Credit Programs and women’s empowerment in Bangladesh. World Development 24: 635-653.

Sarumathi S, Mohan K (2011) Role of Micro Finance in Women’s Empowerment (An Empirical study in Pondicherry region rural SHG’s). Journal of Management and Science 1: 1- 8.

King EM (2008) Vietnam's Decree on Microfinance: A Flawed Attempt to Create an Enabling Legal Environment for Microfinance. Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal 17: 187-207.

Srivastava M (2009) Essay on Women Empowerment.

Urmila M (2011) Role of Self Help Group Bank Linkage Model in Women

Empowerment. Asia Pacific Journal of Research in Business Management 2:


Suja S (2012) Woman Empowerment Through Self-Help Group-An Evaluative

Study. Global Management Review 6: 68-83.


  • There are currently no refbacks.