A STUDY OF PREVALENCE PATTERN OF MALIGNANCY IN SOLITARY THYROID NODULE AT TERTIARY HEALTH CARE CENTRE

D. Sudheer Kumar Reddy, B. Nagavardhan Reddy

Abstract


BACKGROUND: The common presenting problem like Solitary thyroid nodules (STN) are mostly prevalent in adults.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To Study prevalence pattern of malignancy in solitary thyroid nodule at tertiary health care centre.
METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the patients of thyroid presenting with solitary thyroid nodule at tertiary
health care during the one year period i.e. February 2017 to February 2018. All the patients presented with solitary nodule were after written
explained consent were enrolled to study. All details of the patients like age, sex noted. All patients with solitary nodule undergone USG and
Histopathological evaluation. The ndings were entered in excel sheet and analyzed by Excel for windows 10.
RESULT: In our study the majority of the patients were in the age group of 30- 40 - 29.41%, 40-50 - 25.49%, 50-60 - 21.57%, >60 - 17.65%, 20-
30 - 5.88%. The majority of the patients were Female i.e. 58.82%, Male were -41.18%. On USG - Benign lesions were 84.31%, Suspicious were
5.88%, Malignant were 9.80% on histopathology Benign were 92.16% and Malignant were 7.84% As per histopathology the majority of the
lesions were Colloid Goitre -29.41%, Follicular Adenoma-25.49%, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis- 19.61%, Hemorrhagic Cyst- 15.69%, Papillary
carcinoma- 3.92%, Follicular carcinoma- 3.92%, MNG- 1.96%.
CONCLUSION: It can be concluded from our study that majority of the patients were in the age group of 30-40 , The majority of the patients
were FemaleAs per histopathology, majority of the lesions were Colloid Goitre , Follicular Adenoma, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis etc.


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