TO EVALUATE THE CLINICAL PATTERNS OF COMPLICATED CATARACTS: A HOSPITAL BASED STUDY

Dr Yogita Rajbhandari, Dr Sharad Gupta, Dr Vinit kumar kamble

Abstract


Background:  Complicated cataracts or secondary cataracts are those cataracts that occurs secondary to other intraocular diseases. There are many causes of complicated cataracts but the most common cause is intraocular inflammation.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical patterns of complicated cataracts in patients presenting to the Out-Patient Department of B. P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies (BPKLCOS).

Material and Methods: All patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for complicated cataracts were enrolled from 1st January 2015 to 30th June 2016 (18 months). Detailed history and systematic examination along with necessary investigations were done.

Results:   Ninety two eyes of 69 patients had complicated cataracts. The mean age of presentation was 45.19 years (SD ± 18.1). Twenty four cases (34.8%) were male.  The female to male ratio was 1.875:1. Forty six (66.7%) cases had unilateral involvement. The most common clinical pattern of complicated cataract was posterior subcapsular cataract (63, 68.5%).

Conclusion: Posterior subcapsular cataract was the most common clinical pattern of complicated cataracts.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Thylefors B, Negrel AD, Pararajasegaram R, Dadzie KY. Global data on blindness. Bull World Health Organ. 1995;73(1):115-21

Brilliant LB, Pokhrel RP, Grasset NC, Lepkowski JM, Kolstad A, Hawks W, et al. Epidemiology of blindness in Nepal. Bull World Health Organ. 1985;63(2):375-86.

Samuel Zigler.J JMB. Chapter 72B Pathogenesis of Cataracts Duanes Clinical Ophthalmology; 2009.

Chylack LT Jr, Leske MC, McCarthy D, Khu P, Kashiwagi T, Sperduto R. Lens opacities classification system II. Arch Ophthalmol. 1989 July;107(7):991-7

Raju KV. A Clinical Study Of Complicated Cataracts In Uveitis. Kerala Journal Of Ophthalmology. 2010;XXII.

Jeon S, Kim HS. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of cataract surgery in highly myopic Koreans. Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO. 2011;25(2):84-9.

Jackson H, Garway-Heath D, Rosen P, Bird AC, Tuft SJ. Outcome of cataract surgery in patients with retinitis pigmentosa. The British journal of ophthalmology. 2001;85(8):936-8.

Javadi M-A, Jafarinasab M-R, Araghi A-AS, Mohammadpour M, Yazdani S. Outcomes of phacoemulsification and in-the-bag intraocular lens implantation in Fuchs' heterochromic iridocyclitis. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery.31(5):997-1001.

Auffarth GU, Tetz MR, Krastel H, Blankenagel A, Volcker HE. Complicated cataracts in various forms of retinitis pigmentosa. Type and incidence. Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 1997;94(9):642-6.

Praveen MR, Shah GD, Vasavada AR, Mehta PG, Gilbert C, Bhagat G. A study to explore the risk factors for the early onset of cataract in India. Eye (London, England). 2010;24(4):686-94.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.