Dr Yogita Rajbhandari, Dr Sharad Gupta, Dr Vinit kumar kamble


Background:  Complicated cataracts or secondary cataracts are those cataracts that occurs secondary to other intraocular diseases. There are many causes of complicated cataracts but the most common cause is intraocular inflammation.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical patterns of complicated cataracts in patients presenting to the Out-Patient Department of B. P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies (BPKLCOS).

Material and Methods: All patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for complicated cataracts were enrolled from 1st January 2015 to 30th June 2016 (18 months). Detailed history and systematic examination along with necessary investigations were done.

Results:   Ninety two eyes of 69 patients had complicated cataracts. The mean age of presentation was 45.19 years (SD ± 18.1). Twenty four cases (34.8%) were male.  The female to male ratio was 1.875:1. Forty six (66.7%) cases had unilateral involvement. The most common clinical pattern of complicated cataract was posterior subcapsular cataract (63, 68.5%).

Conclusion: Posterior subcapsular cataract was the most common clinical pattern of complicated cataracts.

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