HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: AN INSTITUTIONAL CROSS-SECTIONAL DESCRIPTIVE STUDY IN EASTERN INDIA

Bhattacharjee Kingshuk, Naikwadi S. S, Maiti Animesh

Abstract


Background: India is regarded as the “Diabetes Capital” of the world owing to the existence of the largest number of
people with diabetes in this country. Diabetes is a serious public health problem that has a strong negative impact on the
health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
Objective: To know the quality of life (QoL) of in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending routine out-patient diabetes clinics in tertiary
care hospitals in Kolkata.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of successive type 2 diabetes patients attending routine out-patient diabetes clinics in tertiary
care hospitals in Kolkata, India from 1st June 2018 to 31st October 2018. All patients who matched our study eligibility criteria were interviewed
by diabetes care providers using a structured questionnaire namely WHO-Bref QoL consisting of 26 items. It evaluates the individual's
perception in relevance of their cultures, beliefs and value systems with regards to their personal goals as well as standards and concerns. There
are five responses to each item varying from 1 (very dissatisfied) to 5 (extremely satisfied).
Results: The present study has shown that the physical domain, psychological, emotional and social domain of QoL was significantly affected in
diabetic persons with majority of the patients having being reported very poor quality of life.
Conclusion: The present study has shown that the physical domain, psychological, emotional and social domain of QoL was significantly
affected in diabetic persons. So, apart from taking regular medications and health checkup, there is a need to address other components of
physical, psychological emotional as well as social domain so that their QoL will improve. While it might not be easy to modify clinical
outcomes with good services and support, it might be much more effective in bringing a change in health related QoL.


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