PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN IN ARMED FORCES

Dr Maneet Gill, Dr Chinmaya Srivastava, Dr Lokesh Gautam

Abstract


OBJECTIVE:

 

To estimate  the incidence and risk factors for developing low back ache in active duty military population considering age, sex, rank, and duration of  military service

 

METHODS:

A cross-sectional data was collected and compiled which included all the admissions at various service hospitals in the last seven years (2012 to 2018). The data base of all the armed forces hospital admissions was compiled to estimate the prevalence of low backache and evaluate possible causative factors of low backache in armed forces.

 

RESULTS:

There were total of 35560 armed forces personnel admissions in service hospitals from 2012 to 2018. The prevalence of low backache was higher in the infantry followed by artillery and then the supporting arms. The most prevalent age group was from 25 -35 years with 10 -15 years of service.

 

CONCLUSIONS:

The relatively high incidence of low backache among general duty soldiers were related to

 age of the personnel, the trade (occupation), the duration of service. General duty soldier is

 working under extreme psychological stress, harsh terrain, often without adequate rest and

 With a constant threat to life. The poor back posture, improper use and lack of spine care

exacerbates the back ache .The vigorous stress and strain of military activities like assault

course, lifting heavy weights and frequent night training also contributes to the

 low backache.  

 


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References


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